C.F.P. Perfect Service S.A.
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C.F.P. Perfect Service S.A.

Phase 1

Documents phase 1


Phase 2

Documents phase 2

  1. Burner model
  3. Aerodynamic tunnel
  4. Pictures
  5. Movie boiler

Phase 3

Documents phase 3

  1. Scientific and Technical Report STR On Phase 3 „Cercetări pentru realizarea arzătorului model funcţional şi studiul holistic om-echipament-mediu”
  2. Pictures

Phase 4

Documents phase 4

  1. Scientific and Technical Report STR On Phase 4 „Efectuarea de teste si experimentari complexe pe instalatia pilot”

Phase 5

Documents phase 5

  1. Scientific and Technical Report STR On Phase 5 „Stabilirea soluţiilor de implementare şi extindere a noii tehnologii; evaluarea fezabilitatii noii tehnologii de ardere economico-ecologice la un grup energetic pentru carbune”

Results disemination

Prezentare proiect

Project presentation

Management and psychology applied to a holistic integrated coal energy system in order to reduce pollution and increase quality of life

Project acronym: HOLGRUP


Project Manager
S.C. Centrul de Formare şi Perfecţionare Perfect Service S.A.

Project promoter
Executive Unit for Financing Education Higher, Research, Development and Innovation (UEFISCDI)
Program: Partnerships in Priority areas
Domain:            2 Energy
Contract no:   33/2012

Project period: 46 month

Financial resources

 For the project, the total funds necessary to provide human and material resources is as follows:
- Total project value:                                   3.192.000 lei / 100%
- Total amount of the budget:                      2.300.000 lei / 72.1%
- Total value of private co financing:          892.000 lei / 27.9%


HOLGRUP project consortium consists of five partners and is an example of efficiency and complementarily for the accomplishment of the project.

Involved partners


Project role

S.C. Centrul de Formare şi Perfecţionare Perfect Service S.A.



Institutul Naţional de Cercetare – Dezvoltare pentru Energie ICEMENERG Bucureşti


Partner P1

Universitatea Politehnica Bucuresti - Centrul de Cercetari Termice


Partner P2

Academia Oamenilor de Stiinta din Romania


Partner P3

Complexul Energetic Oltenia - Sucursala Electrocentrale Işalniţa

CEO-SE Craiova

Partner P4

       Project Coordinator CO - Perfect Service is a well known personality in the field of holistic approach for general issues, as demonstrated by CV’s presented and will be instrumental in coordinating the consortium and growth activities and modeling the human factor in developing a culture ecological in holistic integrated energy contour.
      Partner P1 - ICEMENERG Bucharest is a national institute with a tradition of over 30 years in Romanian energy knowledge of environmental issues and the functioning of power plants in Romania. In time, based on experience and energy specialists with sophisticated devices endowment, the institute has made a real tests based on radiography and measurements on the functioning of energy groups in Romania.
      P2 Partner - UPB-CCT is a recognized research center in the energy field who on the basis of specialized software and evaluations performed numerous mathematical modeling to establish initial project data. Together with the P1 model and create the database for achieving the first low NOx burners in Romania for boilers type 50 t/h operating on hydrocarbons.They have equipment stands and the latest equipments on combustion process analysis.
     Partner P3 - Academy of Scientists in Romania is made up of specialists in the energy modeling, interpretation and analysis of the plant and the units.

     Partner P4 - CTE Isalnita Craiova is the power plant benefiting for technical results from the implementation on a unit powered by coal  and evaluation methodologies and training of personnel management and exploitation.
Project concept

The concept of this project is based on holistic approach of management and engineering psychology applied to a coal-fired energy system to reduce pollution and increase quality of life as having a total novelty and originality on national level. Organization (power plant) will be a premise and a database to create a model of organizational conscience supported by the theory of Plural Human.
     Applied to an energy group, the holistic model requires understanding of this type of organization as a complex organism, divided into two systems of reference in interaction: technical-economic system and human system, which is associated the concept of ecology, which also requires a connectionist approach of the company, by the principle of bootstrap type networks (systems that facilitate direct communication and collaboration, in real time, between nodes represented by human groups in the organization) so that there is a reflection in both directions between Part and Whole. The holistic understanding of the system represents a management accountability in his human size, emphasizing the decisive role of human capital.
     The proposed project is an absolute novelty on the national level by creating an integrative holistic model of management and psychology applied to a coal-fired energy system to reduce pollution and increase quality of life. So:

  • The holism brings a new approach, not only the parts analysis, but also the relationships between parts (I. Prigogine: cells do not grow old, but relations between cells do, not people change, but the relationships between people do).  
  • The organization is evaluated not only as a sum of its subsystems component, but also as a system of interactions between them. This is the psychological precondition for creating a model of organizational conscience of the theory of Plural Human.
  • Knowledge of interactions between humans and technical equipment on the one hand and between man and the working environment on the other hand, allows a diagnosis and especially a more accurate forecast. The forecast model is based on intentional field theory (Karl Raymund Popper) and on the theory of catastrophes (Rene Thom) by constructing space-time matrix of possible responses in t2 in relation to t1.
  • Allows an approach - understanding and solving – of risk and uncertainty situations occurring in the system. The uncertainty is caused by deficiency of information or confusing information and is governed by fuzzy logics, logics of the possible. In the relationship man-technical equipment it occurs, mainly, due to human factor .
  • In this context, we introduce in this work, the human behavior model in interaction with the equipment and environment, from the perspective of holistic approach, and a measuring/evaluation instruments system of project performance in accordance with the project objectives. Will be highlighted error type of predisposition to all forms of personality that are part of human behavior model.
  • The methodology and psychosocial-management tools are built on principles of feed-before cybernetics, serving to prevent the occurrence of events, incidents and accidents and also meet the requirements of OHSAS 18001 for health and safety at work, and of ISO 14000 - creating conditions for environmental protection. By satisfying the conditions of ISO 14000, the overall methodologies become a powerful tool for training among the population of the energy group, of a higher environmental consciousness in agreement with the European Union on the need to approach the human factor.



The general objective of the project is the implementation of a management and engineering psychology to a complex energy coal-fired system holistic integrated in order to reduce pollution and increase the quality of life.
     The project can be a representative example of efficient partnership (within the subprogram "Collaborative applied research projects"), between a research institute energy profile with a tradition of over 30 years in this sector, two research organisations with highly qualified staff in energy field and economic agent interested in applying the research results.
     By the thematic approached and the research team proposed, the project is in the line with the main objective of the Partnership Program-2011, Subprogram "Collaborative applied research projects," Energy Area 2” - Research Direction 2.1.4: Promoting clean energy technologies, environmental protection measures and reducing emissions of greenhouse gases. This project allows the connection of applied research and technological progress in Romania to socio-economic requirements of national and global, by obtaining the original products and advanced technologies internationally and major socio-economic impact.
     Specific objective 1. Development and implementation of advanced combustion technology, innovative and original with low emissions, for indigenous coal to be combusted in energy boilers in Romania. By the high level of complexity for the scientific and technical activities which will be developed during the research, it will be developed a clean-burning coal technology with application to steam boilers type 525 t/h and 420 t/h.  In Romania there are currently about 20  boilers of type 525 t/h and 420 t/h operating on solid fuel and which require urgent upgrading according to current environmental requirements.
     Implementation of research results and their extension will lead to the development of research, of human resources and research infrastructure made ​​in national and regional partnership aimed at: increase the competitiveness of national economy; achieve strategic objectives in the development of science, services, technologies, and leading applications, in order to connect to the priorities and specific objectives of European research area; the development of fundamental research for acquisition of advanced knowledge.
     This project, based on partnership between a research and development company, a representative research institute in the field, specialists and academics from research centers Polytechnic University of Bucharest and the power plant interested in applying research results, aims to achieve an innovative combustion technology, economic and environmentally clean.
     Specific Objective 2. Creating and applying a methodological model and an original and efficient system of psycho-managerial tools for the evaluation of individual performances which interact with the equipment and working environment.
     Contemporary management, viewed from the perspective of knowledge society in its evolution towards consciousness, necessarily requires change in organizational systems approach, the paradigm of classical Newtonian-Cartesian type (atomistic paradigm), with a new paradigm: the paradigm complexity. Complexity is a feature of the dynamics of social time with impacts in all sub domains, including organizational field.
     But any complex system is a generator of risk and uncertainty. Uncertainty is a measure of contemporary human action and the chain appearance of the risk and uncertainty, quality management, context management, knowledge management, lean management and so on. are natural responses that scientists have given to questions posed by the problems facing organizations today.
     Romanian engineer Adrian Bejan had a remarkably successful in the U.S. promoting scientific constructal theory, discovered since antiquity (Aristotle), and its generalization to almost all areas: technical, economic, social, political, arts, nature, person, setting rules and universal principles in terms of resolving situations of chaos and uncertainty. The most important principle concerns the need to divide the total imperfection of the system among all sub-components, depending on the capacity of sustainability of each subsystem. But the model provided by constructal theory is an expression, which we could call classical, of holistic approach mode.
     Applied to an energy group, the holistic model requires understanding of this type of organization as a complex organism, divided into two systems of reference in interaction: the technical-economic system and human system, viewed as a whole complementary; also requires a connectionist approach of the company, by the principle of bootstrap type networks (systems that facilitate direct communication and collaboration, in real time, between nodes represented by human groups in the organization) so that there is a reflection in both directions between Part and Whole. The holistic understanding of the system represents management accountability in his human size, since the functional unit of the organization, what affects ONE affects ALL.  Holistic approach, points out, especially in the context of a power system, the decisive role of human capital.

Phase description

Phase 1, "The study and analysis of a representative energy contour, holistic integrated; contour definition, initial data collection, initial assessment of the system" - aims for operating data collection and analysis of the referential. This stage takes place (according to plan activities) for a period of 5 months from project contracting. Are involved all project partners in technical data collection in the power plant, boiler, but also in the initial evaluation of the staff in entire holistic ensemble. CO will evaluate the staff and the human-equipment raports placed under a new environmental policy. P1 will perform tests and measurements, P2 and P3 will evaluate together the results of components (boiler, combustion plant, grinding, etc.), but also in general: energy group - P3. Co-financing partner P4 will provide all conditions in installation for conducting tests and initial information gathering. It will substantiate experimental variants wich will must then be validated by small-scale laboratory tests. 
Phase 2, "Laboratory researches on complex thermodynamic processes of energy production system for the 315 MW power group". This stage will last 11 months and is designed to create the plant laboratory which experiences technological chosen solutions. CO will make individual accountability model for training workers and developing a good level of environmental consciousness. P2 will make preliminary designing of model burner with low emissions for solid fuel, based on modeling of complex thermal-gas-dinamic processes and aerodynamic tunnel experiments.  P1 si P3  will participate in testing and will prepare the design theme.
Phase 3, „Research to achieve functional model of the burner and holistic study of man - equipment - environment" – has duration of 12 months, is a complex stage based on joint participation. CO will prepare a conceptual management system integrated holistic human-equipment-environment viewed from the perspective of the human factor and a model of individual accountability for the development of an advanced level of ecological awareness. P2 will perform a CFD modeling of the thermal and gas flow through the burner and prepare conceptual design for the pilot burner and prepare design theme burner functional model and pilot boiler-mounting adaptations.  P1 will make the design and execution documentation for pilot burner and boiler adjustments pilot-mounting; will perform these adaptations.  perform combustion pilot plant experiments and data processing, and finally will prepare the design theme and technical documentation for the new type of industrial burner. P3 will achieve the environmental impact study of combustion technology implementation in a high power energy group and will perform a comparative study of economic and ecological function to the EU standards. P4 will provide data for assessing the technical conditions of constructive adaptation of combustion technology and data on the operating conditions and pollutant emissions.
Phase 4,"Performing complex tests and experiments on the pilot plant" is an experimental research  stage, involves all partners and has a duration of 13.5 months. CO will develop holistic management model integrated human-equipment-environment. P2 will conduct with P1 and P3 burning experiments on the pilot boiler and data processing. P4 will evaluate the technical conditions of the solution of the burner adjustment and industrial boiler combustion technology.
Phase 5, "Establishing implementation and extension solutions for the new technology. Assess the feasibility of new economic-ecological combustion technology to a coal energy group". This stage will run over 6 months involving all project partners. CO will develop psychological evaluation guide and technical evaluation of operating staff, P4 will achieve, through internal co-financing, adjusting of an industrial burner of the boiler to innovative developed combustion technology; P1 will perform tests and complex measurements to develop economic and ecological function diagrams after implementing the new technology and prepare feasibility study of new solution and its extended implications. P2 will develop documentation for patenting the solution, will publish articles and P3 will elaborate the optimization program of combustion and group operation on different loads.
In the final phase of the project, with the support of P4, it will disseminate the research results. The entire team of specialists involved in the project will participate in the publication of articles in widely circulated journals and will present the obtained results at national symposiums and conferences. In addition, partner P4 will organize a round table where specialists and economic agents in energy field will be invited to participate.
The final result of the project will be materialized in the development and completion of a clean lignite combustion technology designed for energy boilers type 525 t/h and 420 t/h with high level of originality, novelty and complexity and with real possibilities of expansion to similar boilers.